The Algerian Project Management Association « APMA » has finally joined the IPMA confederation to become a transitional association member since the 20th of March 2016 during the Council delegates meeting at Riga. It is a significant step for APMA which aims in the near future to become one of the most recognized national referent institution in developing project management competences throughout the country, contributing in the enhancement of the Algerian social progress.
By area Algeria is the largest country in Africa and the 10th biggest in the world. it is located in North Africa, bordered by Tunisia and Libya to the east, Morocco and Mauritania to the west, Niger and Mali to the south, with a coastal line of 1000km² on the Mediterranean sea. Most of the country is composed of desert in the south, highlands and a green coastal strip in the north region. The population of Algeria has reached 40.4 millions inhabitants by the last statistics of January 2016, among which 70% are under the age of 45 years old. The biggest city is Algiers the capital with 3.5 millions inhabitants, followed by the city of Oran in the west and the city of Constantine in the east. The earliest recorded inhabitants of Algeria were Berber-speaking peoples who by the 2d millennium B.C. were living in small village-based political units. Coastal Algeria was known as Numidia and was usually divided into two kingdoms, both of which were strongly influenced by Carthage. The kingdoms of Numidia were united by King Massinissa (c.238–149 B.C.).
In 146 B.C., Rome destroyed Carthage, and by 106 B.C., after defeating King Jugurtha of Numidia, it held coastal Algeria. The Romans also gained control of the Tell Atlas region and part of the Plateau of the Chotts; the rest of present-day Algeria remained under Berber rulers and was outside Roman rule. Under Rome, the cities were built up and impressive public works (including roads and aqueducts) were constructed. One of its most famous citizens was St.Augustin of Aghaste (354–430), who was bishop of Hippo (now Annaba).
In the late 7th and early 8th cent. Muslim Arabs conquered Algeria and ousted the Byzantines. Although few Arabs settled in the region, they had a profound influence as most of the Berbers quickly became Muslims and gradually absorbed the Arabic language and culture. By the mid-16th cent. Algeria came under Ottoman rule. The country was at first governed by officials sent from Constantinople, but in 1671 the day (ruler) of Algiers, chosen by local civilian, military, and pirate leaders to govern for life and virtually independent of the Ottoman Empire, became head of Algeria. By 1830 , Algeria came under the French domination, and had known a great resistance from the autochthones under the prince Abdelkader of mascara from 1837 to 1847 . Of course the resistance continued in the 19th century but this time in a more organized way with the party PPA of Messali El hadj , and then later with the National Front of Liberation (FLN) under which the war has been declared in 1954 until 1962 , wherein Algeria got it’s independence after 7 years of terrible war.
Since it’s independence in 1962, Algeria has Ahmed Ben Bella as it’s first president who was deposited by Houari Boumediene on June 1965. The latter ruled the country until his death on December 27 1978, and was succeeded by president Chadli Bendjedid. Under his rule a riot was declared on October 1988, which ended up with the adoption in 1989 of a new constitution, allowing political associations to form. However, the militant Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) won more than 50% of all votes in municipal and legislative elections in December 1991. This score led the army to intervene to crack down the Islamic party .This has resulted to a civil conflict for almost a decade. In 1996, a referendum introduced changes to the constitution, enhancing presidential power and banning Islamist parties. In the presidential elections of 1999, Abdelaziz Bouteflika won with 70 percent of the cast votes. During his first five-year term, Bouteflika concentrated on restoring security and stability to the country. He initiated the so called Civil Concord which was approved in a nationwide referendum in September 2000. This reconciliation ended all violence.
Today Algeria’s economy remains highly dependent on the hydrocarbon sector which account for 60% of the government budget revenues, 95% of it’s export earning and 30% of it’s GDP. Since the late decline in oil prices, the Algerian government is fostering efforts towards more economic diversification by introducing new structural economic reforms , such as easy access to industrial lands and prompting the banking sector to finance a more broader economic growth by giving more opportunities for private investments. The current plan, for 2015-2019 period is based on investment of $192.6bn, with a focus on a number of sectors including developing small and medium –sized enterprises, diversifying the economy, improving the country’s transport infrastructure and building more social housing to address the country’s persistent housing shortage.
Given Algeria’s large oil and gas resources, one potential opportunity for diversification is the development of downstream hydrocarbon products such as refined products and petrochemicals. The pharmaceuticals and agribusiness are also the two most promising sectors. The government is seeking to make the country a major hub for biotechnology through an initiative called Vision 2020, with support from the US pharmaceuticals industry representative body Pharmaceutical Research and manufactures of America who signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Algerian National Pharmaceutical Products Control Laboratory on cooperation between the two countries to achieve vision 2020..
In the midst of this massive potential economic growth and private opportunities for investments, APMA will certainly find it’s place in promoting the use of project management methodologies and techniques to bring about the visibility of project management profession in Algeria. Particularly through the improvement of Project management training quality via the use of the 4-L Certification system of IPMA , enhancing henceforth, the quality of services , the productivity and the rational use of allocated resources that are key factors in bringing comparative advantages of any competitive economy in today’s world.